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Multimedia "MUSTS": Copyright / Fair Use

Copyright & Creative Commons Licenses

Attribution, Permission, Amount, and Remix ?s

Honestly now . . . . How "restrictive" is Copyright and/or Fair Use?

Examples:     Music!    ["Less than 30 Seconds of Music" by Patrik Elfstrom]  

Video! ["Malaysian Chef Norman Musa in 1 Minute"]

"Fair Use" for Educational Purposes and U.S. Copyright Law

POINTS TO CONSIDER:

Cover yourself with Fair Use!

[Integrating photos, images, music & other multimedia into projects]

1. Purpose 

*Protected under the Educational Use Provision if material is limited to classroom assignments & projects

*Noncommercial use only:

"criticism, comment, news reporting,

teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship & research"

 

2. Nature of the Copyrighted Work

*Facts/statistics more likely than creative works to be covered

*Published works more likely covered than unpublished

U.S. Government Reports & Statistics are not copyrighted

*Section(s) used do not reflect "heart and soul" of the original work

 

3. Amount

*Small amount of work from original selected and it applies directly to new use

 

4. Limit Access to Avoid Effect on Market Value

*New use must not weaken market value of the original work 

*Classroom PowerPoint presentations better than websites/works uploaded to WWW

*Consider who will have access to it and for how long?

*Place behind password protected software (Edline) if possible !

*Encourage students to mash up/transform media away from its original type of use

 

Encourage students to be creative my taking their own photographs, music, art!

 

Sample Mashup Film; "A Fair(y) Use Tale" by Professor Eric Fadden, Bucknell University

 

 

 

BE AWARE: How Much of an Original Media Work Can I Use according to"Fair Use"???

From: The University of Washington: "Fair Use Guidelines for Educational Multimedia" adopted by the  Consortium of College & University Media Centers ("CCUMS"), 1996.

4.2.1 Motion Media

Up to 10% or 3 minutes, whichever is less, in the aggregate of a copyrighted motion media work may be reproduced or otherwise incorporated as part of an educational multimedia project created under Section 2 of these guidelines.

4.2.2 Text Material

Up to 10% or 1000 words, whichever is less, in the aggregate of a copyrighted work consisting of text material may be reproduced or otherwise incorporated as part of an educational multimedia project created under Section 2 of these guidelines. An entire poem of less than 250 words may be used, but no more than three poems by one poet, or five poems by different poets from any anthology may be used. For poems of greater length, 250 words may be used but no more than three excerpts by a poet, or five excerpts by different poets from a single anthology may be used.

4.2.3 Music, Lyrics, and Music Video

Up to 10%, but in no event more than 30 seconds, of the music and lyrics from an individual musical work (or in the aggregate of extracts from an individual work), whether the musical work is embodied in copies, or audio or audiovisual works, may be reproduced or otherwise incorporated as a part of a multimedia project created under Section 2. Any alterations to a musical work shall not change the basic melody or the fundamental character of the work.

4.2.4 Illustrations and Photographs

The reproduction or incorporation of photographs and illustrations is more difficult to define with regard to fair use because fair use usually precludes the use of an entire work. Under these guidelines a photograph or illustration may be used in its entirety but no more than 5 images by an artist or photographer may be reproduced or otherwise incorporated as part of an educational multimedia project created under Section 2. When using photographs and illustrations from a published collective work, not more than 10% or 15 images, whichever is less, may be reproduced or otherwise incorporated as part of an educational multimedia project created under Section 2.

4.2.5 Numerical Data Sets

Up to 10% or 2500 fields or cell entries, whichever is less, from a copyrighted database or data table may be reproduced or otherwise incorporated as part of an educational multimedia project created under Section 2 of these guidelines. A field entry is defined as a specific item of information, such as a name or Social Security number, in a record of a database file. A cell entry is defined as the intersection where a row and a column meet on a spreadsheet.