Dissect Research Question
1) Rewrite statement(s) into question form and circle the nouns
2) Jot down 1-2 synonyms or "Phrases of 2+ words" for each of the nouns
3) These and close synonyms will be your initial keywords/search terms
4) If there is an overarching perspective to consider, add it as the last keyword
Select ADVANCED Search Option for College Research
Begin research with specialized encyclopedia reference source with signed articles (author's name provided) about your topic
ALWAYS use "ADVANCED SEARCH" Option
If E-Search software has HELP/ADVANCED SEARCH TIPS! USE THEM!
Utilize Standard E-Search Codes to Increase / Decrease # of Search Results
Expand/Increase Number of Search Results
Truncate (place an * after the root/stem of search term) [exist* = exists, existing, existance]
Select Keyword FIELD to search source record and full article/document for term
Connect keywords in boxes with the BOOLEAN Operator "OR" to retrieve possible synonyms for term
Expand Date Range to retrieve articles from a broader publication period
Narrow/Decrease Number of Search Results
Use "Phrase Searching" by placing proper names and terms in " " to locate them in source in that exact order
Select the "Author", Title" or "Abstract" FIELD to search record for term
Add another search term/box
Connect keywords in boxes using the BOOLEAN Operator "AND" which will require that both terms appear in the record/document
BOOLEAN Operator "NOT" connecting terms will eliminate an unwanted subset of results
Narrow Date Range to retrieve articles from a shorter publication period
Control for the Domain that a website is affiliated with: .edu .org etc.
Gather "Names of Key Individuals" / Theories Along the Way!
If more search results are needed
Combine the "names of these specific people", events, movements using another source's Advanced Search system
"MINE" (cross reference) bibliographies of the BEST sources; identify EXPERTS!
Example: Advanced Search !
Is the universe real?
Can we know anything objectively?
Is there an afterlife? [afterlife*]
Does God exist? [god*, exist*]
Use NOUNS from ? as KEYWORDS
Expand via synonyms with Boolean Operator "OR"
Then limit resuts with Boolean Operator "AND"
afterlife OR immortal* AND proof*
universe OR creat* OR cosmos AND real*
God* OR creator OR "infinite ruler" AND exist*
know* OR reason OR cognition AND object*
Flash Boolean Searching created by: Whitehair and Kelsy: Louisiana State University