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Trissler: DigLit - Research Unit: Fake News, Bias, and Fact Checking

"FAKE NEWS" IS NOTHING NEW!

Suit Up: 'Fake News Tool Belt' = Skepticism Not Cynicism Must Rule!

 

                                         

 

Terms:  "Post Truth" Era           Fake News         Misinformation         Disinformation         "Alternative Facts"  

 

Definition: "Fake News" = False stories or information created to deliberately mislead or fool people into believing something that is not true

 

Purpose(s)/Examples:   propaganda        revenue creation        entertainment          distraction         rumor

 

VIDEO: Teaching Tolerance - "Balancing your Media Diet"

FRESHMEN ON "FAKE NEWS"

                                                                                 

  Aemilia Blais '21

"After identifying a source or an article as fake news, it is essential the reader does not share it with others; this is how fake news has become a force.  Unless readers learn to be more careful in what they share, future fake news will spread beyond what people today can even imagine."

 

                                                                                                                      Montrell Wilson '20

"Fake news is a very important problem occurring in today’s world.  It is reoccurring day after day on all types of media with the goal of attempting to persuade you into having a different thought in your mind on a certain person or event."

Ethan Dillon  '20 

"Some ways to decide if an article is made with fake news are the following; if the information is overly Good or Bad, if the source is not usually reliable or well known, and if the article does not cite good sources from which it got its own information. Another way to uncover the legitimacy of an article is to fact check the claims or to research the author's background."

 

Excerpts from student research reports on "Fake News": May 2017-18

 

PEW RESEARCH STUDIES: FAKE NEWS DEC. 2017

PRACTICE: CATEGORIES OF FAKE NEWS - VOCABULARY

 STUDENT RESOURCE/TABLE by Asst. Prof. Melissa Zimdars, Merrimack College ["False, Misleading, Clickbait-y, and/or Satirical 'News Sources'" ]

 

Categories - Examples

Humor/Satire      

Extreme Bias/Conspiracy Theory

Clickbait-y

Rumor MIll

False/Misleading

Authority in Question

 

60 Second Check

1) Examine URL (avoid websites ending in .com.co)

 

2) Blatant visual cues: ALL CAPS

Provocative Vocabulary = Emotional Response Evoked

 

3) Persistent Bias - Topic(s) have singular focus or viewpoint

 

4) Authority Issue? Quick Google search:

a) Author(s) First Last Name" and/or "Name of News Source"

b) Publisher Info "Title of Website" for background info; check "About Us" info

 

5) ? Is this Satire/a Joke ? - Truly humorous !?! Believability Test

 

6) Insufficient or questionable facts: compare story/Facts w/reliable news source

 

7) Lack of and/or questionable captions for images/graphics

BOX #1: ESCAPING FILTER BUBBLES: WEB ECHO CHAMBER

BOX #2: THE 'FLIP' PERSPECTIVE/APPROACH

University of Indiana, LibGuide

BOX #3: BIAS - PERSONAL VS. SOCIETAL

DEFINITION:   Bias

syn. " disposition, preconception, predilection, partiality, proclivity, bent, leaning; . . . . .

Biased prejudice means a strong inclination of the mind or a preconceived opinion about something or someone.  

A bias may be favorable or unfavorable"

 [Random House Dictionary of the English Language p.144]:

 

Types of Bias:

1) Implicit Bias

2) Confirmation Bias

In the flow of ideas, is bias a "filter? or "trap"?

VIDEO: Teaching Tolerance - "How Does 'Fake News' Become News?"

 

BOX #4: FACT CHECKING TOOLS

BOX #6: NEW STUDENT EXPECTATIONS: CROSS CHECKING SOURCES & FACTS

I. Assigning/Cross Checking Premier News Sources

2018: Most Reliable News Sources 

 

[list provided by URI's Assoc. Professors Kendall Moore and John Pantalone during their presentation "Supporting Patrons in a Fake News World," February 2017]

 

II. "Googling" 

"Author's Name"

"New Source/Organization's Name"

"Name of Interviewees"

BOX #7: ORGANIZATIONS RESPOND

BOX #8: EDUCATORS' CHALLENGE: BUILDING COMPETENCIES

Slow it Down!

-Awareness - trust the response within

-Vocabulary

-Self-reflection: Bias Inventories & Scales

-investigative Techniques - fact, authority, & cross checking

-Power of Discourse & Respectful Questioning

-Expectation of research conducted with credibility & integrity

-"60 Second Check"

 

? "Protruth Pledge" ?

 

poster created by: International Federation of Library Associations

 

CLASSROOM RESOURCES

60 Second Warning

"One Minute More" by Capital Cities/Sweda Music