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Fact? False? or "Fake News"?: Home

"FAKE NEWS" IS NOTHING NEW!

"Truth like gold, is to be obtained not by its growth, but by washing away from it all that is not gold."

Leo Tolstoy

 

Terms:  The 'Post Truth' Era           Fake News         Misinformation         Disinformation         "Alternative Facts"  

 

Definition of "Fake News": False stories or information created to deliberately mislead or fool people into believing something that is not true

 

Purpose(s):   propaganda        revenue creation        entertainment          distraction         rumor

 

FRESHMEN ON "FAKE NEWS"

  Emma Waters  '20

"No matter how much of an effect false information had on the recent election, it is an issue that should be taken very seriously, because it alters how people view and interact with their world."

Ethan Dillon  '20 

"Some ways to decide if an article is made with fake news are the following; if the information is overly Good or Bad, if the source is not usually reliable or well known, and if the article does not cite good sources from which it got its own information. Another way to uncover the legitimacy of an article is to fact check the claims or to research the author's background."

Excerpts from student research reports on "Fake News": May 2017

 

PEW RESEARCH STUDIES: FAKE NEWS DEC. 2017

CATEGORIES OF FAKE NEWS: VOCABULARY

 STUDENT RESOURCE/TABLE by Asst. Prof. Melissa Zimdars, Merrimack College ["False, Misleading, Clickbait-y, and/or Satirical 'News Sources'" ]

 

Categories - Examples

Satire          

Extreme Bias       

Clickbait-y         

Rumor Mill     

Conspiracy Theory      

Authority Issue

 

60 Second Check

1) Examine URL (avoid websites editing in .com.co)

2) Blatant visual cues: ALL CAPS

Provocative Vocabulary = Emotional Response Evoked

3) Persistent Bias - Topic(s) have singular focus or viewpoint

4) Authority Issue? Quick Google search:

a) Author(s) First Last Name" and/or "Name of News Source"

b) Publisher Info "Title of Website" for background info; check "About Us" info

5) ? Is this Satire/a Joke ? - Truly humorous !?! Believability Test

6) Insufficient or questionable facts: compare story/Facts w/reliable news source

7) Lack of and/or questionable captions for images/graphics

BIAS: PERSONAL VS. SOCIETAL

 

DEFINITION:   Bias

syn. " disposition, preconception, predilection, partiality, proclivity, bent, leaning; . . . . .

Biased prejudice means a strong inclination of the mind or a preconceived opinion about something or someone.  

A bias may be favorable or unfavorable"

 [Random House Dictionary of the English Language p.144]:

 

Types of Bias:

1) Implicit Bias

2) Confirmation Bias

In the flow of ideas, is bias a "filter? or "trap"?

 

FACT CHECKING TOOLS

NEW STUDENT EXPECTATIONS: CROSS CHECKING

I. Assigning/Cross Checking Premier News Sources

2017: Most Reliable News Sources 

 

[list provided by URI's Assoc. Professors Kendall Moore and John Pantalone during their presentation "Supporting Patrons in a Fake News World," February 2017]

 

II. "Googling" 

"Author's Name"

"New Source/Organization's Name"

"Name of Interviewees"

 

 

OUR CHALLENGE: BUILDING COMPETENCIES

Slow it Down!

-Awareness - trust the response within

-Vocabulary

-Self-reflection: Bias Inventories & Scales

-investigative Techniques - fact, authority, & cross checking

-Power of Discourse & Respectful Questioning

-Expectation of research conducted with credibility & integrity

-"60 Second Check"

 

? "Protruth Pledge" ?

 

poster created by: International Federation of Library Associations

 

CLASSROOM RESOURCES

ORGANIZATIONS RESPOND