Suit Up: 'Fake News Tool Belt' Zone = Where Skepticism NOT Cynicism Rules!
Terms: "Post Truth" Era Fake News Misinformation Disinformation "Alternative Facts"
Definition - "Fake News": False stories or information created to deliberately mislead or fool people into believing something that is not true
Emma Waters '20
"No matter how much of an effect false information had on the recent election, it is an issue that should be taken very seriously, because it alters how people view and interact with their world."
Ethan Dillon '20
"Some ways to decide if an article is made with fake news are the following; if the information is overly Good or Bad, if the source is not usually reliable or well known, and if the article does not cite good sources from which it got its own information. Another way to uncover the legitimacy of an article is to fact check the claims or to research the author's background."
Excerpts from student research reports on "Fake News": May 2017
Categories - Examples from Zimdar's List
60 Second Check
1) Examine URL (avoid websites ending in .com.co)
2) Blatant visual cues: ALL CAPS
Provocative Vocabulary = Emotional Response Evoked
3) Persistent Bias - Topic(s) have singular focus or viewpoint
4) Authority Issue? Quick Google search:
a) Author(s) First Last Name" and/or "Name of News Source"
b) Publisher Info "Title of Website" for background info; check "About Us" info
5) ? Is this Satire/a Joke ? - Truly humorous !?! Believability Test
6) Insufficient or questionable facts: compare story/Facts w/reliable news source
7) Lack of and/or questionable captions for images/graphics
University of Indiana, LibGuide
syn. " disposition, preconception, predilection, partiality, proclivity, bent, leaning; . . . . .
Biased prejudice means a strong inclination of the mind or a preconceived opinion about something or someone.
A bias may be favorable or unfavorable"
[Random House Dictionary of the English Language p.144]:
Types of Bias:
In the flow of ideas, is bias a "filter? or "trap"?
I. Assigning/Cross Checking Premier News Sources
[list provided by URI's Assoc. Professors Kendall Moore and John Pantalone during their presentation "Supporting Patrons in a Fake News World," February 2017]
II. "Googling" Background Information
"New Source/Organization's Name"
"Name of Interviewees"
Slow it Down!
-Awareness - trust the response within
-Self-reflection: Bias Inventories & Scales
-investigative Techniques - fact, authority, & cross checking
-Power of Discourse & Respectful Questioning
-Expectation of research conducted with credibility & integrity
-"60 Second Check"
poster created by: International Federation of Library Associations