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When to Use Parenthetical Citations
- you use a direct quote from a source - also include quotation marks.
- you paraphrase a sentence(s) from a source - paraphrasing is putting another's ideas into your own words and sentence structure.
- you use an idea that is not common knowledge.
When in doubt, cite it!
Parenthetical Citation Basic MLA 7 Format
For parenthetical citations of PRINT materials:
"...to the problem of global warming" (Gore 10).
...scientific studies of global warming (Gore 160).
For parenthetical citations of WEB materials:
...atmospheric and economic trends ("Greenhouse Gas Emissions").
For sources with no author, more than one author, etc., please consult Purdue Owl's In-text Citation page.
Purdue Owl - Online Citation Help
Purdue Owl: MLA
Access the MLA Formatting and Style Guide from Purdue Owl. Guide provides easy-to-understand directions on formatting citations, in-text citations (parethetical) and works cited pages in MLA 9.
Easy Bib: Citation Maker
EasyBib School Edition
Easily create citations and your Works Cited page with the help of EasyBib. EasyBib School Edition also allows you to create notecards and build outlines.
Help Finding Information for Citations