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When to Use Parenthetical Citations
- you use a direct quote from a source - also include quotation marks.
- you paraphrase a sentence(s) from a source - paraphrasing is putting another's ideas into your own words and sentence structure.
- you use an idea that is not common knowledge.
When in doubt, cite it!
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Parenthetical Citation Basic MLA 7 Format
For parenthetical citations of PRINT materials:
"...to the problem of global warming" (Gore 10).
...scientific studies of global warming (Gore 160).
For parenthetical citations of WEB materials:
...atmospheric and economic trends ("Greenhouse Gas Emissions").
For sources with no author, more than one author, etc., please consult Purdue Owl's In-text Citation page.