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Trissler: CIVICS 2020-21 Research Unit: Works Cited, Annotation, and In-text Citations

Required Sources

ALL Students are Required to:

a) Locate 1 book, 1 database sources, 1 scholarly web source

b) Save Full Citation for each in Noodletools Project

c) Print/Export Works Cited list to Google Docs

d) Read/highlight and Annotate 1 Source

e) Identify In-Text Citation for your 3 sources (Type In-Text Citations as a new page following Works Cited)






Annotation? = Description of Source!

ANNOTATION:  3 Sentences!

Sentence 1: What info does this source cover?

Sentence 2:  What special features (photos, statistics etc.) does it have?

Sentence 3:  What sections/pieces of information are you likely to use for your research project?



Open your gmail and Noodletools Project 

Click on sources Tab (above)

Click Link to View Live = One of your Articles

Review Article for content (answer above ???)


Click Blue "Options" Button (on right)

Click Edit & Look down at bottom for Annotation

Type in your 3 sentence Annotation and SAVE!


Works Cited -> Full Citations -> In-Text Citation

Sample Report with In-Text Citations


      Progress has been made slowly but surely in the area of cyberbullying and there are several reasons this is true. According to research studies conducted in 2017, there was a decrease in cyberbullying among adolescents when compared to the previous year; 24% percent of teenagers have been cyberbullied vs. 31% in 2016 ("Cox ").  High profile companies, such as Cox and Cartoon Network have launched public interest campaigns that encourage teens, parents, and educators to all who speak up when cyberbullying occurs.  Parents can also pay an influential role in preventing cyberbullying by placing the computer in a public space in the home, knowing their children's logins and passwords and which social networks they frequently visit, and most importantly by discussing cyberbullying with their kids and by letting them know it is not their fault if they are victimized by a cyberbully attack.  Parents who assure their children that their computer privileges will not be revoked if they inform them that they have been cyberbullied are much more likely to help prevent serious future ongoing harassment ("What").  The goal is to build trust within the family and at home with the hope of significantly reducing the extent of cyberbullying by at least 10% by 2020 when the next survey will be conducted ("Cox ").   Finally, educators can play a powerful role by instituting academic and institutional sanctions against known cyberbullies. Students must realize that if caught bullies will be pulled from sports teams or even suspended (Valencia).

     Making such a change in the behavior of teens, parents, and educators is easier said than done.  Especially at home, parents have to agree to a strategy and stick with it.  Having conversations about social media and cyberbullying with today's teens both at home and at school can make all the difference (Howard and Carpenter 30).  Vigilance, communication, and consistency are the keys to making the Internet a safer place for everyone.


Works Cited

"Cox Survey: Cyberbullying Continues, But More Teens Are Speaking Up." Mental Health

      Weekly Digest 13 Oct. 2020:65. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. psychology.mtl.pdf.km43p,

       Accessed 1 Nov. 2020.

Howard, John, and Susan Carpenter. Cyberbullying. ABC-CLIO, 2017. 

Valencia, Misha. "How to Safeguard Children Against Cyberbullying." New York Times , Sep 05, 2019,

       ProQuest, Accessed 5 Oct. 2020.

"What Parents Can Do About Cyberbullying." National Crime Prevention Council. National

      Crime Prevention Council, 2019.,  

       Accessed 3 Oct 2019.


In-Text citations Listed



(Howard and Carpenter 27).



In-Text Citations:  BASIC Rules for MLA 8

USE the 1st word HANGING OUT ON THE LEFT on the Works Cited Page!

Author(s) Identified

If you have one Author: Use their (Last Name).

Two Authors mentioned: Use (Last Name of 1st author and Last Name of 2nd Author).

Three or more Authors mentioned (Last Name of 1st Author et al).  et al = "and others" in Latin!


Author NOT Identified

If Author is not given, Use the ("First word" in the "Title") of article, or webarticle.  MUST have "   " to signal it is a ("Title").

ONLY EXCEPTION:  If the First word in the title is A, An or The - then use ("Second Word in Title")


Citing Print Book - include # after author's name to note page # information came from

(Last Name 35).

Annotation for One (1) source.

1) In Noodletools, Open link to article/webarticle

2) Read and highlight source

3) Return to Noodletools and
Click Blue Options Button next to that source and Select Edit

Look at bottom of form for Box Called Annotation

In 2-3 sentences explain:  

*What topics the source covers (if book look at table of contents; if article, look at subsection titles) 

**What special/quality information does the source include


*** What are the most useful pieces of information that you would be likely to use for your project? (statistics, photos, sections of article on an aspect of your topic) that you found in source





Small's article mentions two books about James Smithson and describes his personality, his lifelong profession as a scientist and minerologist, and some of the influences on his decision to gift his wealth to the United States to establish the Smithsonian Institution. Smithson's connections with fellow scientists in England who personally knew Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin and President John Adams are especially interesting. How these relationships ultimately brought his attention and money to the U.S. is important information for my project.