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LSA Library Website: Between the Lines: Bias & Fact Checking

MEDIA BIAS - THIS IS NOTHING NEW!

 'Your Media Tool Belt' = Become an Inquisitive NOT a Cynical Consumer!

 

                                         

 

Teaching Tolerance: "How Does Fake News Become News"

 

Vocabulary/Lexicon:

Misinformation = "incorrect or misleading information" [Merriam Webster Dictionary, 2020]

 

Disinformation = "Deliberately misleading or biased information, manipulated narrative or facts: propaganda" [The Washington Post, 2018]

 

"Fake News" = "False stories that appear to be news, spread on the internet or using other media, usually created to influence political views or as a joke"

[Cambridge Dictionary, 2020]

BOX #1: BIAS - PERSONAL VS. SOCIETAL

DEFINITION:   Bias

syn. " disposition, preconception, predilection, partiality, proclivity, bent, leaning; . . . . .

Biased prejudice means a strong inclination of the mind or a preconceived opinion about something or someone.  

A bias may be favorable or unfavorable"

 [Random House Dictionary of the English Language p.144]:

ARTICLE: Learning for Justice:  Test Yourself for Hidden Bias

VIDEO: Yale University: CNN: "Are Babies Born with a Type of Bias?"

 

Types of Bias:

1) Perception Institute: Implicit Bias

VIDEO: PBS Learning Media -"Check Our Bias to Wreck Our Bias: Who Me Biased?" 

SURVEY: Harvard University "Project Implicit"

 

2) Confirmation Bias

Commonsense Media: Confirmation Bias Slide Show

Commonsense Media: Filter Bubble Trouble Slide Show

Teaching Tolerance: How to Balance Your Media Diet

BOX #2: ESCAPING FILTER BUBBLES: WEB ECHO CHAMBER

BOX #3: PRACTICE - CATEGORIES OF FAKE NEWS - VOCABULARY

SIXTY SECOND CHECK:

 

poster created by: International Federation of Library Associations

60 Second Check

1) Examine URL (avoid websites ending in .com.co)

2) Blatant visual cues: ALL CAPS

Provocative Vocabulary = Emotional Response Evoked

3) Persistent Bias - Topic(s) have singular focus or viewpoint

4) Authority Issue? Quick Google search:

a) "Author(s)", and/or b) "Publisher/Sponsor" 

5) ? Is this Satire/a Joke ? - Truly humorous !?! Believability Test

6) Insufficient or questionable facts: compare w/reliable news source

7) Lack of and/or questionable captions for images/graphics

 

BOX #4: 21st CENTURY STUDENT EXPECTATIONS: CROSS CHECKING SOURCES & FACTS

I. Cross Check Accuracy with Several Premier News Sources

2021: Most Reliable News Sources 

                                             

 

[list provided by URI's Assoc. Professors Kendall Moore and John Pantalone during their presentation "Supporting Patrons in a Fake News World," February 2017]

 

II. Be Aware of Degree of Political Bias of Any/All Media Source(s)!

Click on this Interactive Chart to investigate degree of Political Bias by Media Agency

Ad Fonts Media, LLC

 

III. "Google"  Source Creators and Publishers

"Author's Name"

"New Source/Organization's Name"

"Name of Interviewees"

BOX #5: FACT CHECKING & BIAS BLASTING TOOLS

CLASSROOM RESOURCES